Category Archives: Duanaire

Peter Solar addresses Duanaire launch at NUI Galway

pic of Peter Solar

Professor Peter M. Solar addresses the launch event of Duanaire, on the topic ‘The Information Revolution in History”

Duanaire, a major new research platform at NUI Galway, was formally launched on April 14th 2015 at an event in the Hardiman Research Building. The event featured an address by the President of NUI Galway Dr James Browne, and a keynote talk by the distinguished economic historian Professor Peter M. Solar, of Vesalius College, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and Université Saint-Louis—Bruxelles.

Duanaire: a treasury of digital data for Irish economic history, is a collaborative venture between the Whitaker Institute, the Moore Institute, and the James Hardiman Library, all at NUI Galway. It is led by Dr Aidan Kane, and aims to build a unique digital archive of Irish economic history datasets, for the use of academic researchers, students, and wider public audiences.

The launch event was opened and chaired by Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan of the School of Humanities at NUI Galway. Professor Coolahan is a specialist in 17th women’s writing, and leads a major digital humanities project in this field, funded by the European Research Council (ERC). Professor Coolahan gave Duanaire a warm welcome, and spoke of the many opportunities for the diverse projects underway in this space at NUI Galway to learn from each and collaborate in the future.

Pic of Professor Marie Louise Coolahan

Professor Marie-Louise Coolahan, NUI Galway, School of Humanities, chaired the Duanaire launch.


The President of NUI Galway, Dr James Browne, addressed the launch event, and spoke particularly of how the Duanaire project chimes with NUI Galway’s new strategic plan Vision 2020: facing the future with ambition. Dr Browne has taken a particular interest in the core flagship project currently underway at Duanaire, the ‘Customs 15’ project, which aims to capture and analyse a large dataset from a unique set of records of Ireland’s international trade in the 18th century.

pic of NUI Galway President James Browne

The President of NUI Galway, Dr James Browne, at the Duanaire launch event.

The President related Duanaire’s work to the excellent infrastructure now in place at NUI Galway for research and research-led teaching in the area of digital humanities, as reflected in the new Hardiman Research Building itself, and the increasingly important role of the James Hardiman Library within the university community in enabling digital scholarship. The President thanked the Galway University Foundation for their support for Duanaire, and for the Foundation’s support more generally for the University’s ambitious agenda.


pic of Aidan Kane

Dr Aidan Kane (economics at NUI Galway) presents Duanaire at the project launch.

The director of Duanaire, Dr Aidan Kane, gave a short presentation on the key ambitions of Duanaire, and in relation to the 18th century trade data project, emphasising that a multi-faceted endeavour of this sort has to be collaborative, acknowledging in this respect the institutional support of the Whitaker and Moore Institutes, and of the James Hardiman Library. This support will continue to be vital in providing key infrastructures, especially for the curation of digital data, and for linking Duanaire into wider international networks of expertise and scholarship.

The keynote address was given by the distinguished economic historian, Professor Peter M. Solar, of Vesalius College, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and Université Saint-Louis—Bruxelles. Professor Solar is a key figure in economic history scholarship, having made seminal contributions to the study of Irish economic history, and in particular, of the pre-Famine economy, alongside extensive work related to wider themes in economic history, including the evolution of textiles industries in Europe, and especially in recent years, maritime economic history.

Professor Solar spoke on ‘The information revolution in history’, detailing the transformation in the computer technologies available to historians—and economic historians in particular—for managing and processing vast amounts of data. He cautioned however, that this by itself did not necessarily transform economic history scholarship substantively.

He argued that we must as economic historians understand how data came to be collected in the first place, and document these processes carefully. It is problematic if and when datasets are made readily available without being well-documented—they may be at least incomplete, and sometimes misleading. Scholars will always need to appreciate and understand the gaps in, and limitations of the data, and be aware of biases, which are not self-evident in datasets themselves. Professor Solar spoke of the great opportunities for scholars in drawing upon the expertise of wide public communities interest in history, not least in the rich knowledge of local historical societies, by using new digital tools to ‘crowd-source’ data itself, and knowledge about data, and the relevant historical contexts.

NUI Galway was delighted to welcome to this event our distinguished keynote speaker, a range of faculty and students from across disciplines, and many visitors to the campus, in order to launch this important initiative.

Research assistant (economic history) at NUI Galway

Research Assistant – Economic history

Duanaire, Whitaker Institute

Ref. no. NUIG 024-15

[Please note the closing date for this position has now passed.]

Duanaire at NUI Galway invites applications from suitably qualified candidates for a full-time fixed-term (12 months) position as a Research Assistant to begin in April 2015. Duanaire aims to open up a wealth of Irish economic history data, and in particular, Irish historical fiscal and trade data, by making accessible online a range of datasets in flexible forms for diverse audiences. Duanaire is led by Dr Aidan Kane (Economics at NUI Galway) and partners with the Whitaker Institute, the Moore Institute, and the James Hardiman Library at NUI Galway.

For details of this position, and how to apply, follow the link below:

Closing date for receipt of applications is 5.00pm Monday 16th March 2015

A brief look at a year (1754) in Ireland’s trade: Part 1

This is the first in what will be a series of occasional brief notes on Ireland’s trade from the 1680s up until the 1820s. It uses the sources of CUST15 and trade ledgers from the 1680s which are currently being digitised. The idea behind this note is to take a random year and detail what Ireland’s external trade was at that point in time, thus show just what can be done with the digitised data. Other notes may look at other years, explore trends in individual ports or look at the trends for a particular commodity or market over the 140 years.

 What was happening in 1754?
To provide something of a context for the patterns of trade in 1754 this section will give a quick overview of what was happening in Ireland in that year. In terms of external trade the total value of Ireland imports and exports amounted in 1754 to £3.685 million (or very roughly €875 million in today’s money). The balance of trade was negative as the value of imports exceeded that of exports by £21,000. The economic backdrop was that Ireland was in the midst of one of those periodic recessions which regularly hit, with several bank closures occurring that year and complaints about a lack of coinage. There were low prices for agricultural produce and textiles and emigration to the American colonies from Ulster was on the increase.
Continue reading

Public revenues and expenditure of Ireland in the 18th Century

I’ve opened this thread as a placeholder for comments on the 18th century fiscal dataset. Please feel free to post comments, questions, suggestions etc., here on that database.

A few information points. As of now, this is a ‘soft launch’ of the site and the dataset, while various bits and pieces are finalised, in advance of a full launch in in few months.

One particular issue on the IT side that we’re working on, is to get working DOIs (digital object identifiers) in order to be able to cite the datasets with a unique and unchanging identifier: the DOIs you may see quoted here are temporary (for testing purposes). There’s probably no point in referring to any of these (yet) as they won’t in fact work! Hope to sort this out before long.

More substantively, there are a few gaps in this 18th century dataset (e.g., some large elements of expenditure are missing for around 1697-1702), and above all, this not yet complete or fully usable without some documentation, including a user guide/code book. I’ll also post all of the underlying data on the data server, and not just the basic summary file available for download now. My hope is get through that agenda in the next few weeks. Then I aim to deliver online my three other datasets (two relating to 20th century Irish public finances, one to 19th century local government finances) in the next few months, with a ‘proper’ launch after that.

But in the meantime, all feedback and queries are very welcome.


At the opening of the Hardiman Building

The official opening of the new Hardiman Research Building at NUI Galway on May 1st 2014 provided me with an opportunity and a focal point/deadline to do this first, ‘soft’ launch of the Duanaire web site. The Whitaker Institute generously funded a leaflet:

There was also an opportunity to explain Duanaire — the iPad came in handy for that.

Duanaire at Hardiman building

Left to right: Professor James Browne (President of NUI Galway), Ruairí Quinn TD (Minister for Education and Skills), Dr Aidan Kane (Economics at NUI Galway, Duanaire)

More generally, the Minister and guests got a run-through of the rather impressive range of activities underway at the Hardiman Research Building, in the Moore Institute and the Whitaker Institute. A key exhibit related to the ongoing work on the Abbey Theatre Archive at NUI Galway.

The event was a great showcase also, for the close links between all this work and the facilities and expertise of the James Hardiman Library, reflected not least in the excellent new Special Collections/Archives Reading Room.





The old Parliament House, Dublin (now the Bank of Ireland)

The post marks the first serious live test of the Duanaire online presence, starting with the core of my work on 18th century Irish public revenues and expenditure. Both the browse accounts and charting features should work, and be interesting to explore, but there’s more to do, before moving onto other datasets that I have in hand …

I’ve more work to do, also, in developing documentation (essentially a basic guide to the data) and in getting to grips with the Dataverse technology, which is how I’ll make available the full complement of underlying files for this, and for other studies. So more content will follow soon. Initial comments are very welcome, and at this early stage, expressions of interest from researchers in Irish economic history who might consider depositing their data here.

All a little bit experimental, at this stage, but good to get this much up and running.